A Backyard Fish Pond
It is best to slightly elevate the soil surrounding the pond so that excess water will not enter into it.
Plan the drainage system of the pond, making sure that it draws the water away from your house.
Landscaping the surroundings around your pond will provide a natural dwelling place for birds and frogs that need water and land.
Make sure that electricity is available if you plan to use lights, filters, or a water re-circulating device.
Do not place the pond under the trees to avoid fallen leaves into the pond.
This technique will also provide less maintenance to the pond.
Expose the pond to sufficient sunlight only since some aquatic plants grow well in full sun and others do not.
Using Pond Liners
Pond liners are used to keep water from leaking into the soil. It is almost always necessary for ponds even if it they are situated in clay soils.
Pond liners come in different shapes and sizes. They even include built in waterfalls or any design based on your preferences. They are durable and convenient.
Consider a polyvinyl chloride liner (PVC liner) in building larger ponds. In determining the size of the PVC, you have to know the maximum length, width, and depth of the pond.
After which, multiply the maximum depth by 3. Add the answer to the width and the length.
Now you have enough PVC to securely hold down the pond edges.
Pond liners come in different thickness as well. The thicker the pond liner, the more resistant it is to punctures.
Cement may be considered an optional pool liner. However, it requires more expertise to install and it may cost more than the regular plastic pond liner.
However, considering that many ponds are quite small, other plastics may be used. It may be cheaper but many may break down easily once prolonged exposure to ultraviolet light happens.
Some plastics also may prove to be toxic to fish.
Time your pond building when the ground is not overly wet or frozen.
Dig the hole according to the right depth and place (and secure) the pond liner. Then landscape the pond surroundings.
Remove any rocks from the surrounding area. Add water, plants, and a pump.
Let the pond sit for a few days before adding plants and fish.
Let the plants settle for at least one week before placing the fish.
Then sit back and enjoy your backyard fish pond!